Indiana Jones

Indiana Jones

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Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade

Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade is a 1989 film directed by Steven Spielberg and starring Harrison Ford, Sean Connery, Denholm Elliott, Julian Glover, Alison Doody, River Phoenix and John Rhys-Davies. This film is the third released, though the twenty-fifth chronologically, in a series of film and TV productions about the adventures of the heroic fictional archaeologist Indiana Jones.
When Dr. Henry Jones Sr. (played by Sean Connery) vanishes while pursuing a life-long search for the Holy Grail, Indiana must retrace his father's steps in the hopes of rescuing him and the Grail from the clutches of the Nazi military machine.



The film begins in 1912, with young Boy Scout Henry "Indiana" Jones Jr. (River Phoenix) trying to save the Cross of Coronado from grave robbers. This early adventure explains his use of a whip, his fear of snakes, and the scar on his chin (all of which occur aboard a moving circus train), as well as his fedora and overall taste in clothes. Although he sucessfully rescues the cross, the robbers tell the police that Indiana was the thief and he is forced to return it (during this entire time, his father is obliviously working on his research in the house). The story then segues to 1938, with an adult Indy (Harrison Ford) on the looters' ship, the Coronado, off the Portuguese coast, finally retrieving the Cross and donating it to Marcus Brody's (Elliott) museum.


Later, he is summoned to meet the wealthy Walter Donovan (Glover), who informs him that his father, Henry Jones Sr. (Connery), vanished while searching for the missing half of a clue to the location of the Holy Grail, which has the power to grant eternal life. Indy and Marcus travel to Venice to meet Dr. Elsa Schneider (Doody) to retrace his father's footsteps. Inside the library where his father was last seen, Indy finds that an "X" (inlaid in the floor) literally marks the spot. When he smashes through the floor, he finds ancient catacombs, in particular the tomb of Sir Richard, a knight of the First Crusade, which holds information needed to find the Grail. Indy is chased by six members of The Brotherhood of the Cruciform Sword, a secret and fanatical religious cult that protects the Grail. In a motorboat chase by the nearby dock, Indy disables all except the leader, Kazim (Kevork Malikyan). After Jones convinces Kazim that he is looking for his father, not the Grail, Kazim tells him that his father is being held in Castle Brunwald near the border between Austria and Germany.

The Grail

Indiana finds his father, but they are betrayed by Schneider and Donovan, who are working with the Nazis. His father's (Henry's) kidnapping had been staged to get him to solve the mystery of the Grail for them. Indy and Henry escape with and go to Berlin, to retrieve Henry's diary, which contains all that Professor Jones has learned about the Grail. They escape from Nazi Germany in an otherwise fictitious LZ-138 Zeppelin after recovering the diary. Meanwhile, the Nazis capture Brody in Iskenderun, Turkey, and learn the starting point for the quest. Donovan and Schneider take Brody with them, and are tracked down by Indy, Henry, and Sallah (Rhys-Davies), bent on rescuing their friend. Eventually their paths cross and lead to a confrontation, which also involves Kazim and his men. Kazim and his men attempt to stop the Nazi caravan, but outgunned and outnumbered, they are killed by Donovan's men. Henry attempts to rescue Brody from the tank, but is himself captured and put in the tank with Brody. Indy jumps onto the tank and rescues the captives. Donovan's aide, Colonel Vogel (Michael Byrne), is killed when the tank drives off a cliff with him still in it.


The quest reaches its climax at the Canyon of the Crescent Moon, in Hatay near Iskenderun, the site of temple housing the Grail. Donovan captures Indy in the temple and shoots Henry, forcing him to retrieve the Grail to use its healing powers to save Professor Jones' life. Indy, guided by the diary, circumvents the deadly booby traps, reaching a room where a knight of the First Crusade, kept alive by the power of the Grail, has hidden it amongst many false cups. Donovan and Schneider follow. Schneider identifies a golden, bejeweled cup as the Grail and Donovan impatiently drinks from it. It turns out to be her way of ridding herself of a rival for the Grail; Donovan dies in a very grotesque manner, aging rapidly into dust.
Indy picks out the true Grail, a plain cup with a gold interior, worthy of a humble carpenter, and proves it by drinking from it without harm. The knight tells him not to let the Grail go "past the Great Seal" inscribed at the entrance. Indy fills the Grail with water and uses it to heal Henry. Schneider then tries to leave with the Grail and crosses the Great Seal. The building starts to collapse and she loses her balance at the edge of a newly-formed crevasse. Indy grabs her hand, but she greedily reaches for the Grail, tantalizingly just out of reach, with the other and falls into the abyss. Then Indy loses his footing and finds himself in the same situation, with Professor Jones keeping him from following the same fate as Schneider. He also tries to get the Grail, but Henry tells him an unlikely command to "let it go." At first, Indy doesn't listen, until Henry says simply, "Indiana." (Until now, Henry had been calling Indy "Junior.") Indy reluctantly obeys, and the Grail is lost forever as they escape the crumbling temple.
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